I am the Victor S. Thomas Professor of History of Art and Architecture, studying art from the Northern Renaissance to the present.

I am an art historian and filmmaker and Senior Fellow of Harvard’s Society of Fellows. I specialise in art from the cultures of Northern Europe, especially Germany, Flanders and Austria. My research interests include iconoclasm, the aesthetics of the ugly, self-portraiture, Romanticism, memory, Adam and Eve and the concept of the enemy.



Bosch and Bruegel: From Enemy Painting to Everyday Life

Artists in Exile: Expressions of Loss and Hope