Open main menu
The fall of the Ottoman Empire
by Eugene Rogan
About this EXP
Eugene Rogan, Director of St. Antony’s College Middle East Centre, looks at the fall of the Ottoman Empire as a result of the First World War.
Eugene Rogan →
Key point 1
Before the First World War, the Ottoman Empire had no significant internal barriers. As such, there were no constraints on movement.
Key point 2
The encroachment of Allied forces into Ottoman territory resulted in a new reality wherein the region was divided into several States with rigid boundaries.
Key point 3
For a period, competing nationalist identities threatened to reshape the region. However, they succumbed to European impositions. Eventually, only Turkey was able to negotiate a favourable outcome.
Other EXPs by Eugene Rogan
The dynamic of changes in the Arab world
The Arab-Israeli War and the creation of Israel