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Visions of a unified Europe after 1815
by Christopher Brooke
About this EXP
Christopher Brooke, Senior Lecturer in Political Theory at the University of Cambridge, examines alternative visions of Europe.
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Key point 1
The Congress of Vienna in 1815 introduced institutionalised European cooperation, defeating republicanism and restoring the monarchies.
Key point 2
A left-wing version of a unified Europe emerges as an alternative, with figures like Giuseppe Mazzini calling for a holy alliance of the peoples.
Key point 3
A common cause among the left concerns the liberation of Poland; the question of borders is key to discussions regarding a European confederation of sister republics.
Other EXPs by Christopher Brooke
Arguments for a European Union in interwar Europe
Napoleon's Europe and the question of commercial union
The early thinkers of a European Union in the 18th century