At the founding of the United States, when the Constitution was ratified, a small number of free black men were able to vote. That was the beginning of black politics.
Key point 2
In New York and Ohio, extremely important states where black men had been formerly disenfranchised, they used loopholes in the law to increase their influence in politics.
Key point 3
Britain was a great beneficiary of slavery – all that cotton was going to Manchester. However, when slavery was abolished in 1833, it became a haven for black political figures like Frederick Douglass.