I’m a retired Professor of Architecture and have taught the history and philosophy of architecture at the University of Cambridge, and London Metropolitan University.

I’ve been concerned with how architecture is part of a culture and how it supports a culture or cultures. I’m currently working on a book called Practical Wisdom, in which architecture is used to understand the nature of this existence within something like a culture.


  • Carl, P. (2015). Convivimus Ergo Sumus. In H. Steiner & M. Sternberg (Eds.), Phenomenologies of the City: Studies in the History and Philosophy of Architecture. Routledge.

  • Carl, P. (2001). The Grid and the Block. Architectural Research Quarterly, 5(2), 101–103.

  • Carl, P. (2000). Urban Density and Block Metabolism. In K. Steemers & S. Yannas (Eds.), Architecture, City, Environment: Proceedings of Plea 2000 (pp. 343–347). James & James Ltd.