I am Professor of Modern Middle Eastern History at Oxford, and Director of the Middle East Centre at St Antony’s College.

My field is the modern history of the Arab world. I focus primarily on the 19th and 20th centuries, and my real interests have always been in the end of the Ottoman Empire, the emergence of modern States in the Middle East, and the way that has shaped the modern reality of the Arab world today.



The Fall of the Ottomans

The Arabs