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The catastrophe that brought Hitler and Nazi Germany to power
by Richard Evans
About this EXP
Richard Evans, Regius Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Cambridge, explains how the Nazi regime was established in Germany.
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Key point 1
After the Wall Street Crash, American banks withdrew their loans that had been propping up the German economy since the great hyperinflation of 1923 and the banks started crashing.
Key point 2
The Nazis got 44% of the vote in the 1933 elections. However, with 8% for their nationalist coalition partners, they got over the hurdle of 50%.
Key point 3
They pushed through the Enabling Act, which allowed Hitler and the cabinet to make laws without referring to parliament or to the president.
Key point 4
Makeshift concentration camps were established, and up to 200,000 people were imprisoned for brief periods and released on condition of not taking part in politics.
Other EXPs by Richard Evans
Conspiracy theories: from Nazi Germany to today
Nazi exterminism and the Holocaust