The goal of Radical Reconstruction, which began in 1866, was to make the formerly enslaved people full and equal citizens protected by law and fully participating in the political system as a biracial democracy.
Key point 2
The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments – which abolished involuntary servitude on the basis of race or colour, gave citizenship to all born on US soil and forbade denying suffrage on the basis of race, colour or previous condition of servitude, respectively – have been the most important changes to the Constitution since it was originally enacted.
Key point 3
After Democrats used paramilitary terror to win elections across the South in the mid 1870s, including two massacres of black state militia units, the Republican Party cut a deal so that they could get the presidency. That is the official end of Reconstruction.