Jacques Lacan radically changed psychoanalysis on the basis of two observations: a person uses language to express suffering; this statement of suffering leads to philosophical questions on how to live a life without suffering.
Key point 2
Lacan returned to early Freudian concepts, such as the unconscious and transference, but radically re-read Freud with the tools of linguistics and philosophy.
Key point 3
According to Lacan, we are not in control of ourselves because we are born in a world of language, and our unconscious is structured by language.